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抗洪抢险专有名词翻译

转移安置;群众转移避险
be relocated/resettled
relief and relocation of residents

确保长江干堤安全
secure the Yangtze River main dike

支流垸坝
embankments along the branches

要把保障人民群众生命财产安全顶在头上
consider people’s life and property as their priority

入汛时间短、降雨量大
short flood season with heavy rainfalls/heavy downpours

超警戒水位
surpass alert level

长江防汛全局
overall flood control work of the Yangtze River

确保大江大湖大堤安然无恙,确保整个流域的安全
ensure the solidity of dams for rivers and lakes in the basin.

科学部署 强化责任
scientific planning and greater sense of responsibility

以习近平同志为总书记的党中央坚强领导下
under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the General Secretary

中共中央政治局常委
Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee

国家防汛抗旱总指挥部(国家防总)
State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters

连夜主持召开会议
chair/preside over an overnight meeting

防汛工作会议
work conference for flood prevention/meeting on the flood prevention
考察防汛工作
inspect the flood control work in the flooded areas

部署下一阶段防汛抗洪和抢险救灾工作
set forth plans for flood prevention and control, emergency response and disaster relief in the next stage

河流水位超警
water levels have crossed the warning mark

兴水利除水害
water conservancy and flood prevention and control

治国安邦
stability of the country and well-being of the people

强降雨/豪雨/暴雨
torrential rain

特大洪水
the most catastrophic flood

防大汛、抗大洪、抢大险
greater preparedness for major floods and better emergency response and relief efforts

麻痹思想,侥幸心理
drop guard, leave it to chance

以人为本、依法防控、科学防控、群防群控
put people first, act in accordance with law and make sound plans for flood prevention and control, and mobilize the widest possible masses

流域性大洪水和次生灾害
basin-wide floods and secondary disasters

科学调度骨干水利工程,充分发挥控制性水库、闸坝的拦洪排洪、削峰错峰作用,强化各类水利工程联合运用,合理蓄泄洪水。
Key water conservancy projects should be better leveraged, and controlled reservoirs and gate dams should be fully utilized to retain and discharge flood, and reduce and shift the flood peaks. There should be better coordination of various water conservancy facilities to adjust water flow.

人员有序疏散
orderly evacuation of people
发挥群测群防体系作用
mobilize the system of collective surveillance and prevention

监测预报预警
monitoring, forecasting and early warning

查险除险
risk detection and elimination

科学研判汛情发展趋势
make rigorous assessment of the trend of flood

防洪工程巡查排险
patrolling and troubleshooting of flood-prevention facilities

补上城市地下综合管廊和小型水利工程“两大短板”
shore up the two major weak links in urban underground pipelines and small-scale water facilities

统筹好上下游、左右岸、干支流防汛
take a holistic approach to the flood control work in the upper streams and lower streams, on left banks and right banks, and in mainstreams and branches of rivers

军地联动机制
joint operation mechanism between the military and the civilian authorities/military-civilian collaboration mechanism


Source: xinhuanet