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China's Female Lawmakers Call for Surrogacy Ban 来自湖南的人大代表建议刑法增设"非法代孕罪"

Two female national lawmakers called for legislation against surrogacy on Wednesday, arguing possible ethical and legal chaos.

Wu Donglan, deputy to the National People's Congress (NPC) from central China's Hunan province, said at the ongoing national parliamentary session that surrogacy would break traditional parenthood standards and cause ethical problems, although it could also bring hope to couples facing fertility problems.

She made the proposal in the wake of news in south China's Guangdong province that a woman, together with two hired surrogates, gave birth to a total of four boys and four girls.

"The child becomes a commodity and the body of a woman becomes a tool for production, which are against traditions, customs and ethics," she said.

It will also cause legal disputes concerning fostering, parental support and inheritance, she said.

Qin Xiyan, another NPC deputy also from Hunan, supported Wu's argument.

"Currently, no laws have clearly regulated surrogacy, nor does the criminal code include penalties for offenders," said Qin, who is also a lawyer.

Only a regulation issued by the Ministry of Health has regulated that medical institutions will be warned and fined for illegally conducting surrogacy operations, which is hardly an effective punishment for offenders, she said.

Although not totally against surrogacy, Qin argued that laws should at least ban illegal surrogacies, and those seriously at odds with the law should be prosecuted.

Both women also suggested that legislation should be enacted to ban profit-seeking surrogacy brokerage agencies and clarify which government department should supervise this issue and how.
   
“生儿育女是神圣而严肃的事情,怎么能当作儿戏 和商品买卖?!”“三八”妇女节到来之际,全国人大代表秦希燕、伍冬兰批评了近期引发社会关注的“借腹生子”问题,建议在刑法中尽快增设“非法代孕罪”, 立法对代孕不法行为进行制裁。
   
“代孕如同一把双刃剑,虽圆了部分不育夫妇的子女梦,但却打破了传统的生育观念和生育秩序,带来了一 系列道德伦理和社会、法律问题。”全国人大代表、湖南省耒阳市龙塘镇龙形村村委会主任伍冬兰指出,代孕妈妈的身体成为生育的“工具”,出生的婴儿成为“商 品”,这是有违社会风俗、传统文化和基本道德的!现实意义上的父母与血缘关系父母不是同一人,对母子关系的确立及亲情的享有产生基础性混乱,也必然会引发 抚养、赡养和继承等一系列纠纷与矛盾。
   
全国人大代表、湖南秦希燕联合律师事务所主任秦希燕指出,如今代孕中介机构商业活动频繁,民 间代孕行为依然十分活跃。“部分不育夫妇的需求和不法商家牟取暴利的驱动是主要原因,但我国现有法律规范没有对代孕行为的适法性进行明确界定,刑事法律规 范也没有对代孕行为进行规制,这也导致代孕现象频发。”
   
目前我国对代孕行为进行管理的仅是2001年卫生部颁布的《人类辅助生殖技 术管理办法》,该办法规定对违规实施代孕技术的医疗机构,由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府卫生行政部门给予警告、3万元以下罚款,并给予有关责任人行政处 分;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。然而这只是部门规章,无法起到禁止和震慑的作用。
   
秦希燕建议,从法律、行政法规层面立法禁止代 孕;完善刑事立法,设立非法代孕罪;加大力度打击非法实施代孕手术的医疗机构;对严重违法者明确刑事制裁法律依据,在刑法中增加相关条款:中介机构人员介 绍代孕从中牟利,医务人员或者未取得医生资格的人擅自为他人实施代孕技术的,处三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,并处或者单处罚金。
   
伍冬兰代表还建议,修改人口与计划生育法,明确严禁代孕,并规定相关行政法律责任,对委托他人代孕、为他人代孕、介绍代孕及实施代孕技术的中介机构及相 关人员从严处罚,并规定政府相关部门的监管责任。